The ancient worlds:  

Maps of the Antique
Mediterranean Sea

    Some dates
    Archaeological sites
    Arts and ceramics
    Language and Writing


Unfortunately for our knowledge of this civilization, significant Phoenician archeological sites are very rare. Most of the archaeological sites which may be seen in former Phoenicia, are the remains of the Roman cities which took over. Some Phoenician remains may nevertheless be seen in Byblos, Sidon (see map on the left) and for instance in Carthage (picture below).

The Phoenician literature of the first millenium B.C., written on papyrus, disappeared completely because of the wet middle-east climate, and is known only by fragments of engraved texts.

Mainly archaeology informs us, as well as the texts left by neighbour people, Egyptians, Greek and Latin… their conclusions are sometimes coherent, but sometimes not.

Pass the mouse over the red dots on this map for some more information, in particular the geographical coordinates.
Photos Galen R Frysinger,, Lebanon page.

On the right: entrance of a phoenician tomb, Carthage

Photo Galen R. Frysinger